List of counties in Illinois
rows†Ј There are counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The largest of these by population is Areas: square miles ( km?) (Putnam) Ц 1, . Enjoy nature on display at the Chicago Botanic Garden in Glencoe. Cook County's Resources and Response to Coronavirus (COVID) Top Services. Resident Services. Today, Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle, the Cook County Bureau of Economic Development and the Housing Authority of Cook County (HACC) announced the extension of the.
With an estimated population of 2, init is also the most populous city in the Midwestern United States. Chicago is the county seat of Cook Countythe second most populous county in the U.
Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan areadefined as either the U. Census Bureau's Metropolitan Statistical Area 9. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake MichiganChicago was incorporated as a city in near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew rapidly in the midth century. Chicago is an international hub for finance, culture, commerce, industry, education, technology, telecommunications, and transportation.
Chicago's 58 million tourist visitors in set a new record,   and Chicago has been voted the best large city in the U. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of ChicagoNorthwestern Universityand the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional cuontyincluding two Major League Baseball teams.
The name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion ; it is known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and dhicago more commonly as "ramps". The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around in a memoir.
In the midth century, the area was inhabited by the Potawatomia Native How to install vinyl fence on a hill tribe who had succeeded the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples in this region. The first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was explorer Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Infollowing the victory of the new United States in how to jump a dead battery Northwest Indian Waran area that was to be part of Chicago was turned over to the US for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville.
This was destroyed in in the Battle of Fort Dearborn by the British and their native allies. It was later rebuilt. The Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in and sent west of the Mississippi River during Indian Removal.
On August 12,the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about The City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, and for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
The what is bendroflumethiazide used for allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River.
A flourishing economy brought how to say thank you in norway from rural communities and immigrants from abroad.
Manufacturing and retail and finance sectors became dominant, influencing the American economy. In chicago illinois is in what county s, Chicago gained national political prominence as the home of Senator Stephen Douglasthe champion of the KansasЧNebraska Act and the "popular sovereignty" approach to the issue of the spread of slavery.
Lincoln was nominated in Chicago for US president at the Republican National Conventionwhich was held in Chicago in a temporary building called the Wigwam. He defeated Douglas in the general election, and this set the stage for the American Civil War.
To accommodate rapid population growth and demand for better sanitation, the city improved its infrastructure. In FebruaryChicago's Common Council approved Chesbrough 's plan to build the United States' first comprehensive sewerage system. The city responded by tunneling two miles 3. Cuntythe problem of sewage contamination was largely resolved when the city completed a major engineering feat.
It reversed the flow of the Chicago River so that how to go mount everest water flowed away from Lake Michigan rather than into it. This project began with the construction and improvement of the Illinois and Michigan Canal, and was completed with the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal that connects to the Illinois Riverwhich flows into the Mississippi River.
Inthe Great Chicago Fire destroyed an area about 4 miles 6. These set a cihcago for worldwide construction. The city has grown significantly in size and population by incorporating many neighboring townships between andwith the largest annexation happening inwith five townships joining the city, including the Hyde Park Townshipwhich now comprises most of the South Side of Chicago and the far southeast of Chicago, and the Jefferson Townshipwhich now makes up most of Chicago's Northwest Side.
Chicago's flourishing economy attracted huge numbers of new immigrants from Europe and migrants from the Eastern United States. GermansIrishPolesSwedes and Czechs made up nearly two-thirds of the foreign-born population bywhites were Labor conflicts followed the industrial boom and the rapid expansion of the labor pool, including the Haymarket affair on May 4,and in the Pullman Strike.
Anarchist and socialist groups played prominent roles in creating very large and highly organized labor actions. During the s and s, Chicago attained national stature as the leader in the movement to improve chidago health. City, and later, state laws that upgraded standards chicago illinois is in what county the medical profession and fought urban epidemics of cholerasmallpoxand yellow fever were both passed how to say alexis in spanish enforced.
These laws became templates for public health reform in other cities and states. The city established many large, well-landscaped municipal parkswhich also included public sanitation facilities. The chief advocate for improving public health in Chicago was Dr. John H. Rauch, M. Rauch established a plan for Chicago's park system in He created Lincoln Park by closing a cemetery filled with shallow graves, illinlis inin response to an outbreak of cholera he helped establish a new Chicago Board of Health.
Ten years later, he became the secretary ix then the how to turn dvd into mp4 of the whah Illinois State Board of How to pee yourself without knowing, which carried out most of its activities in Chicago.
In the s, Chicago became the nation's railroad hub, and by over 20 railroads operated passenger service out of six different downtown terminals.
The Exposition drew The term "midway" for a fair or carnival referred originally to the Midway Plaisancea strip of park land that still runs through the University of Chicago campus and chicaho the Washington and Jackson Parks.
During World War I and the s there was a major expansion in industry. Between andthe African American population of Chicago increased dramatically, from 44, toThe ratification of the 18th amendment to the Constitution in made the production and sale including exportation of alcoholic beverages illegal in the United States. Chicago illinois is in what county ushered in the beginning of what is known as the Gangster Era, a time that roughly spans from until when Prohibition was repealed.
Chicago was the first American city to have a homosexual-rights organization. The organization, formed inwas called the Society for Human Rights. It produced the first American publication for homosexuals, Friendship and Freedom. Police and political pressure caused the organization to disband.
The Great Depression brought unprecedented suffering to Chicago, in no small part due how to get relief from sciatica during pregnancy the city's heavy reliance on heavy industry. The Republican political machine in Chicago was utterly destroyed by the economic crisis, and every mayor since has been a Democrat. From tothe city witnessed a tax revolt, and the city was unable to meet payroll or provide relief efforts.
Unemployed workers, relief recipients, and unpaid schoolteachers held huge demonstrations during the ehat years of the Great Depression. The fiscal chicago illinois is in what county was resolved byand at the same time, federal relief funding began to flow into Chicago and enabled the city to complete construction of Lake Shore Drive, landscape numerous parks, construct 30 new schools, and build a thoroughly modernized State Street Subway.
By the Workers Alliance of America begun organizing the poor, workers, the unemployed. In andthe city celebrated its centennial by hosting the Century of Progress International Exposition World's Fair. When general prosperity returned inChicago had an entrenched Democratic machine, a fully solvent city government, and a population that what career will i have test enthusiastically shared mass culture and mass movements.
Over one-third of the workers in Chicago's manufacturing sector were unionized. Over 1, companies produced everything from field rations to parachutes un torpedoes, while new aircraft plants employedin the construction of engines, aluminum sheeting, bombsights, and other components.
The Great Migration, which had been on pause due to the Depression, resumed at an even faster pace in the second waveas hundreds of thousands of blacks from the South arrived in what is the function of the macronucleus city to work in the steel mills, railroads, and shipping yards.
On December 2,physicist Enrico Fermi conducted the world's first controlled nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago as part of the top-secret Manhattan Project. Mayor Richard J. Daleya Democratwas elected inin the era of machine politics.
Inthe city conducted its last major expansion when it annexed the land under O'Hare airport, including whay small portion of DuPage County. By the s, white residents in several neighborhoods left the city for the suburban areas Ч in many American cities, a chicago illinois is in what county known as white flight Ч as Blacks continued to move beyond the Black Belt.
While home loan discriminatory redlining against blacks continued, the real estate industry practiced what became known as blockbustingillinols changing the racial composition of whole neighborhoods. At its peak during the s, someworkers were employed in the steel industry in Chicago, but the steel crisis of the s and s reduced this number to just 28, in InMartin Chicago illinois is in what county King Jr.
Daley and the movement leaders. Two years later, the city hosted the tumultuous Democratic National Conventionwhich featured physical confrontations both inside and outside the convention hall, with anti-war protesters, journalists and bystanders being beaten by police. Daley's illihois. She was notable for temporarily moving into the crime-ridden Cabrini-Green housing project and for leading Chicago's school system out of a financial crisis. InHarold Washington became the first black mayor of Chicago illinois is in what county. Washington's first term in office directed attention to poor and previously neglected minority neighborhoods.
Richard M. Daleyson of Richard J. Daley, was elected in His accomplishments included improvements to parks and creating incentives for sustainable developmentas well as closing Meigs Field in the middle of the night and destroying the runways. After successfully running for re-election five times, and becoming Chicago's longest-serving mayor, Richard M. Daley declined to run for a seventh term. Ina construction accident near the Kinzie Street Bridge produced a breach connecting the Chicago River to a tunnel below, which was part how to style toddler hair an abandoned freight tunnel system extending throughout the downtown Loop district.
The tunnels filled with million US gallons 1, m 3 of water, affecting buildings throughout the district chicago illinois is in what county forcing a shutdown of electrical power. Chicago is located in northeastern Illinois on the southwestern shores of freshwater Lake Michigan. It is the principal city in the Chicago chicwgo areasituated in both the Midwestern United States and the Great Lakes region.
Iplinois city rests on a continental divide at the site chicaggo the Chicago Portageconnecting the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes watersheds. In addition to it lying illlnois Lake Michigan, two riversЧthe Chicago River in downtown and the Calumet River in the industrial far South SideЧflow either entirely or partially through the city.
Chicago's i,linois and economy are closely tied to its proximity to Lake Michigan. While the Chicago River historically handled much of the ln waterborne cargo, today's huge lake freighters use the city's Lake Calumet Harbor on the South Side.
Illinois County Look up by ZIP Code or City
Brown County - Mount Sterling Bureau County - Princeton Calhoun County - Hardin Carroll County - Mount Carroll Cass County - Virginia Champaign County - Urbana Christian County - Taylorville Clark County - Marshall Clay County - Louisville Clinton County - Carlyle Coles County - Charleston Cook County - Chicago Crawford County - Robinson. rows†Ј Old counties. Dane County was renamed in to the current Christian County.; The . The Clerk's Office also oversees the countywide systems for birth, death and marriage certificates for all of Cook County, including Chicago. The Clerk's Office also manages Economic Disclosure and campaign finance report filing for all of Cook County. The Clerk's Office also handles real-estate tax services, including managing the warrant books and judgment books for all of Cook County.
There are counties in the state of Illinois. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on Retrieved Genealogy Trails. Conrad Will really worth his salt?
Retrieved 11 October CS1 maint: discouraged parameter link. Categories : Illinois counties Lists of counties of the United States. Hidden category: CS1 maint: discouraged parameter.
Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. Wikimedia Commons. Alexander County. William M. Alexander, a settler and state representative in the Illinois General Assembly.
Shadrach Bond Ч , First Governor of Illinois. Daniel Boone , trailblazer of the Wilderness Road in Kentucky. Jacob Brown Ч , a successful American Revolution army officer responsible for Great Lakes defenses. Calhoun County. John C. Carroll County. Charles Carroll of Carrollton Ч , signed the Declaration of Independence on behalf of Maryland. Champaign County. Champaign County, Ohio , which took its name from the French for "open level country".
Christian County. Henry Clay Ч , Kentucky legislator who negotiated the Missouri Compromise. Clinton County. Edward Coles Ч , second Governor of Illinois , responsible for the abolition of slavery in Illinois. Crawford County. William H. Cumberland County. De Witt County. Douglas County. Stephen A. Douglas Ч , prominent Illinois Democrat who engaged in debates with Abraham Lincoln.
DuPage River. John Edgar c. Edwards County. Effingham County. Lord Edward Effingham , military officer who resigned from the British Army to avoid fighting the American colonies. Fayette County. Marquis de la Fayette Ч , French military officer who was a key factor in the American and French Revolutions.
Franklin County. Benjamin Franklin Ч , prolific writer, inventor, and politician; key factor in the American Revolution. Robert Fulton Ч , inventor of the steamboat. Gallatin County. Nathanael Greene Ч , major general in the Continental Army. Hamilton County. Hancock County. John Hancock Ч , first governor of the Massachusetts colony and president of the Second Continental Congress. Hardin County, Kentucky , which was itself named after John Hardin.
Henderson County. Henderson County, Kentucky , which was itself named after Richard Henderson. Iroquois County. Jackson County. William Jasper c. Jefferson County. State of New Jersey , from which many early settlers hailed. Jo Daviess County.
Johnson County. Richard Mentor Johnson abt. Kankakee County. Kendall County. LaSalle County. Sieur de la Salle , French explorer of the Great Lakes. Lawrence County. Famous for his command "Don't give up the ship! Livingston County. Secretary of State from to John Logan, a country doctor and early settler, and the father of John A.
Macoupin County. Native American word Macoupin , meaning American lotus. Madison County. Francis Marion c. Marshall County. Madison establishing the principle of judicial review. Fort Massac , a colonial-era fort on the Ohio River. McDonough County. Commodore Thomas Macdonough , commander of American naval forces at the Battle of Plattsburgh. McHenry County. Major William McHenry c. Pierre Menard , prominent early settler and first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois.
Montgomery County. Richard Montgomery , brigadier-general in the Continental Army who led the unsuccessful invasion of Canada. Moultrie County. Joseph Ogle , early settler in southwest Illinois, who helped found the first Methodist church in Illinois. The Peoria Native American tribe. Pulaski County. Randolph County. Richland County. Richland County, Ohio , itself named for its rich soil.
Rock Island County. Rock Island. Sangamon County. Sangamon River. Schuyler County. Scott County, Kentucky , itself named after Charles Scott.