What Are the Names of the 12 Apostles in Order?
Twelve Apostles. According to the list occurring in each of the Synoptic Gospels (Mark , Matthew , Luke ), the Twelve chosen by Jesus near the beginning of his ministry, those whom also He named Apostles, were. Simon: called Peter (Grk. petros, petra; Aram. kef; Engl. rock) by Jesus of Nazareth, also known as Simon bar Jonah and Simon bar Jochanan (Aram.) and earlier. Nov 09, · Each of the synoptic Gospels identify James as an early disciple of Jesus. James the son of Zebedee, often called James the Greater to distinguish him from the other apostle named James, was a member of Christ's inner circle, which included his brother, the apostle John, and Peter.
The twelve apostles, the twelve companions of Jesus were known as the twelve followersdisciples or apostles. A disciple is one who is learning under the leadership of another person his namfs. An apostle is symbolic of an assignee, an emissary or legate of another individual. The margin between the biblical usage of apostle and disciple is thin. Nonetheless, there exists a little distinguishable difference. The bible did not tag all disciples as apostles.
However, every apostle is a disciple. Here are they. The complete apostle names list:. He was a brother to Andrew, who xpostles also an apostle of Jesus Christ. Catholics regard him as mames first Pope and founder of the Roman church. Biblical accounts suggest that he was very close to Jesus and witnessed important events that the other apostles did not see such as the transfiguration. He denied Jesus thrice at the crucifixion and preached on the day of Pentecost.
Also a fisherman, John the apostle was the son of Zebedee. H e happened to be a brother to James. He was believed to be the youngest disciple and author of several books of the New Testament. He used to be a naes, and he is a brother to Simon and an apostle of John. A native of Bethsaida, He was known as the what happened to paul moyer who what does balanced equation mean the gospel in Syria, Greece, and Phrygia.
Bartholomew is coined arre Bartholomeus which interprets tje the Son of Talmai. Jesus met him in Galilee. The scriptures referred to him as James the less in Mark His first what are the names of the apostles was Lebbaeus, and his last name was Thaddaeus. This apostle was Judas, but not Iscariot. The twelve disciples were all but one martyred.
Peter and Andrew thee nailed to the cross. James was beheaded, and John, who would later escape and die a natural death, was thrown into boiling oil. Simon was nailed while Jude was hacked to death, James Junior was pushed down what are the names of the apostles temple summit. Philip was nailed upside down while Bartholomew was skinned alive. Matthew was also martyred while Thomas was stabbed till he gave up.
Judas Iscariot killed himself after betraying What are the names of the apostles. The disciples of Jesus did so many miracles and pulled the bames to him in Jerusalem. They believed in his mission and assisted him in fulfilling it. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential how to draw prince of persia characters the website to function properly. This category only includes the ones that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website.
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The Names of the 12 Disciples
Sep 04, · The 12 apostles were Jesus Christ’s closest followers. Their names were Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James son of Alphaeus, Jude, Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot. After Judas betrayed Jesus, Matthias was chosen to replace him. Aug 04, · The Gospel of Matthew lists the 12 apostles in the following order: Simon (whom Jesus later renamed "Peter"), Andrew, James (the son of Zeb'edee), John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the son of Alphaeus), Thaddaeus, Simon and Judas Iscariot. The names appear in different orders in the other gospels.
Each of them were major leaders in the movement which became Christianity and helped spread the gospel throughout the world.
Matthias the apostle is technically also one of the Twelve, but usually not included in lists for a couple reasons:. Four passages in the Bible list the names of all 12 apostles technically the last one only lists 11, because Judas Iscariot was dead. Some of the apostles play key roles in well-known Bible stories. Others are only mentioned in the lists of apostles, or they have a single line of dialogue in the gospels. A few of the apostles were known by multiple names, which can make these lists and other references to them confusing.
In some cases, disciples with common names have been mistakenly identified with other biblical figures who had the same name. Unfortunately, tradition often embraced legends alongside facts, and it can be difficult to discern details about where the disciples went, what they did, and how they died without assuming the legends surrounding them are rooted in truth.
This is especially true for the more obscure disciples. Today, many Christians simply accept tradition and therefore the legends at face value.
If you want to learn more about any of the disciples, follow the links below to jump into an in-depth guide on each person. Four passages in the Bible give us the names of the apostles: Matthew , Mark , Luke , and Acts In some cases, early Christians and modern scholars have assumed this meant some of these apostles went by multiple names—such as Judas son of James, who may be listed by the nickname Thaddeus in Matthew and Mark to avoid confusing him with Judas Iscariot, the infamous traitor.
The lists found in the synoptic gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke appear when Jesus calls these 12 disciples aside for a special purpose and officially appoints them as apostles. The list in Acts occurs after Jesus ascends to heaven, and the believers decide to replace Judas Iscariot while waiting for the Holy Spirit. The apostles are generally listed in order of importance and paired according to their associations.
The main exception is Andrew. To help you see the differences between the lists, here are the names in the order they appear in each passage. Interestingly, the Gospel of John never lists all 12 apostles, and several of the names in these lists never appear in John. Additionally John appears to introduce a disciple not listed in the other gospels or acts: Nathanael, who is closely associated with Philip.
Since Bartholomew is also closely associated with Philip and never appears in John, many traditions assume Bartholomew and Nathanael are the same person. But that may not be true. John records dialogue not found in the other gospels, and sometimes gives us unique details about their relationships and other additional information. Jesus had a lot of followers. At times, thousands of people gathered to hear him teach and see what he would do. The 12 apostles were some of his closest disciples.
But three members of the Twelve were closer than anyone else: Peter, James, and John. Like many of the apostles, Peter was a fisherman by trade, but he grew into one of the most prominent leaders of the early church after the resurrection. According to Catholic tradition, he was also the first pope. In the gospels, Peter is portrayed as impetuous, always speaking his mind and acting on impulse.
In the New Testament , Peter is most known for:. Two books of the Bible claim to be written by Peter 1 Peter and 2 Peter , but scholars debate about whether he wrote them himself or dictated them to a secretary, or if he even wrote them at all. Numerous apocryphal texts claimed to be written about or even by Peter, but the church rejected them as inauthentic, though some of them recorded important information.
Like many of the disciples, James was a fisherman before Jesus called him. James son of Zebedee is one of at least three important New Testament figures named James. It was a pretty common name. This, plus the fact that the Bible tells us so little about any of these Jameses, has led to a lot of confusion about their identities over the centuries. This James is often referred to as James the Greater to distinguish him from James son of Alphaeus , James the Less who may be the same person as James son of Alphaeus , and James the brother of Jesus.
This has led many to assume it referred to their speech, temperaments, or ambition. James is the only disciple whose martyrdom is recorded in the Bible Acts Herod had him killed by sword, and he was likely beheaded.
Tradition claims James son of Zebedee was a missionary to Spain and that his body was buried there, but since his death took place in Jerusalem very early in the history of the church, there are numerous challenges with this tradition. Nonetheless, the Camino de Santiago—a pilgrimage to the church where James is allegedly buried—was one of the most popular Christian pilgrimages for centuries, and Santiago de Compostela the shrine dedicated to Saint James is still a destination for more than , people every year.
Like James, Peter, and several other disciples, John was a fisherman. Whether it was for their explosive temperaments, speech, ambition, or something else, James and John clearly had some defining quality in common. But which if any of these books he actually wrote largely depends on if we can identify John the Apostle with the Johns mentioned above, and scholars have come to mixed conclusions about that. We know that his testimony is true. According to tradition, John died of old age: a rare and possibly unique feat among the apostles, most of whom were martyred.
Peter turned and saw that the disciple whom Jesus loved was following them. You must follow me. Tradition holds that he preached in Ephesus, was exiled to the island of Patmos where he wrote Revelation , returned to Ephesus, and died of old age after 98 AD.
Some important early Christian writers claimed to learn directly from John himself, including Polycarp of Smyrna and Ignatius of Antioch. Like his brother, he was a fisherman. According to the Gospel of John, Andrew was the first disciple Jesus called, and while Peter gets all the credit for recognizing Jesus as the Messiah Mattew —20 , Andrew not only brought Peter to Jesus, but he told him Jesus was the Messiah. And he brought him to Jesus. When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus.
So they went and saw where he was staying, and they spent that day with him. It was about four in the afternoon. Instead, they suggest Andrew was called at the same time as Peter, James, and John, when they were either fishing or cleaning their nets.
Luke never actually mentions Andrew being there, though. One just had to happen first. Apparently John was the only gospel writer who cared enough to give him a shoutout for that.
Later, when a group of Greeks wanted to see Jesus, they came to Philip, and for whatever reason, Philip deferred the decision to Andrew:. They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. In Mark 13, Peter, James, John, and Andrew share a private moment with Jesus and ask him about the destruction of the temple Mark —4.
This, plus the fact that Philip wanted Andrew to decide what to do about the Greeks in John 12, could indicate that Andrew held a position of leadership among the disciples. However, Eusebius of Caesarea , the father of church history tells us that Origen a scholar from the second and third century claimed Andrew was sent to Scythia an ancient region in central Eurasia.
According to Acts of Andrew an apocryphal text , he hung there for three days, preaching the entire time. Philip the Apostle is only mentioned eight times in the New Testament, four of which are the lists of apostles.
However, there are three other people named Philip in the New Testament, too. Two are sons of King Herod, and the other is Philip the Evangelist, who was often mistaken for Philip the Apostle even early on. Brothers and sisters, choose seven men from among you who are known to be full of the Spirit and wisdom. We will turn this responsibility over to them and will give our attention to prayer and the ministry of the word. This proposal pleased the whole group. They presented these men to the apostles, who prayed and laid their hands on them.
Still, the early church mixed them up, and their mistakes were often passed down, making it difficult to be sure which traditions actually apply to Philip the Apostle. Later, when some Greek men from Bethsaida want to see Jesus, they come to Philip first, presumably because they knew he was from the same town as them or possibly because he spoke Greek the best. Nathanael is only mentioned in the Gospel of John, but many assume this is another name for Bartholomew because:.
According to Clement of Alexandria, who lived in the second and third century, Philip is also mentioned one other time though not directly. Philip likely died in the first century, possibly around 80 AD, but traditions vary widely as to how he died—at least partially due to the confusion with Philip the Evangelist. One tradition says he died of natural causes. But others suggest he was stoned to death, beheaded, or crucified upside down. According to this text, he was crucified upside down with Bartholomew.
Philip preached to the crowd while hanging on the cross, and they wanted to release the two disciples, but Philip told them to free Bartholomew and leave him hanging there. Bartholomew is one of the most obscure apostles. But others argue that Bartholomew is a standalone name, and that the Greek text normally represents patronymic names differently:.
It is not necessarily a patronymic. The patronymic is normally expressed in the lists by the Greek genitive, not by the Aramaic bar. If Bartholomew is Nathanael though, John gives us two additional passages to learn about this disciple. Like most of the apostles, Bartholomew was probably martyred. But there are several explanations of his death. The most popular is also the most gruesome: Bartholomew was allegedly flayed alive and then beheaded.
Most art that portrays the apostles includes some iconography related to their death, and so Bartholomew is often portrayed wearing his skin, or in the less grotesque portraits, holding a flaying knife. Matthew, also known as Levi, was a tax collector—one of the most reviled professions in first-century Judaism.
But to make matters worse, tax collectors made their money by saying people owed Caesar more than they did and then skimming the extra off the top—and there was nothing anyone could do about it. As a result, tax collectors were right up there with prostitutes for the go-to example of the worst sinners.
So it was a big deal that Jesus asked Matthew to follow him and be one of his disciples. Matthew is one of the few apostles whose calling is recorded in the gospels. All three synoptic gospels have a version of the same account:.