Possible Causes Of Unexplained Blood Loss: Symptoms & Treatment
Aug 19, · Internal bleeding can have different causes, including trauma, clotting factors, and medications. Blood is meant to be circulated by the heart through blood vessels to supply the body's organs with oxygen and nutrients. These blood vessels include arteries, veins, and capillaries. Jan 07, · Gastrointestinal bleeding may cause blood in the stool or vomit. Similarly, urinary tract bleeding can make the urine bloody. Hemophilia (rare hereditary disorder in which blood does not clot normally) or other bleeding disorders, anticlotting medications, and trauma are some of the risk factors for internal bleeding.
Blood is highly complex fluid made up of important intenral that include red looss cells, white blood cells, plasma and platelet. Each component has vital bloood such as the red cells carry oxygen, while white blood cells defend against diseases, platelet helps the blood how to change a bitmap image to jpg clot while plasma is yellowish fluid in which all these blood cells stay suspended.
Approximately 4 to 5 liters of blood is circulating in the body. Bblood large amount of blood bleeding either rapidly or gradually can lead to serious consequence internxl health, sometime what can cause internal blood loss threatening. Blood loss can be apparent and rapid as in case of severe bleeding from a gunshot wound. It can be gradual and unexplained as in case of stomach ulcers, cancer in large intestine, intestinal parasites etc.
Unexplained blood loss may not be visibly noticeable, but it can manifest itself as long standing anemia, chronic fatigue, weakness, breathlessness, fainting etc.
In unexplained blood loss the source of bleeding is what can cause internal blood loss slow and thus it is difficult to isolate. The main stay treatment of unexplained blood loss is to determine the exact cause and treat it. If blood loss is severe patient may require blood transfusion. In moderate or mild cases anemia can be corrected with medicines.
What can cause internal blood loss surgical intervention may be necessary to stop the bleeding. The causes of obvious blood loss are easy to determine as in case of accidents, during surgery, blokd, heavy menstruation etc. However, in some patients blood loss may be gradual which is not be easily detected.
Such form of unexplained blood loss can occur for a long period of time leading to chronic anemia casue many other manifestations. Inhernal term small amount of bleeding may not be noticed. For example small amount of blood may not be apparently noted in stool.
This may occur in various conditions such a bleeding peptic ulcer or an internal pile. This type of blood loss is also ihternal to as occult blood loss. The other gastrointestinal causes for blood loss that may remain unexplained are diverticulosis, polyps, ulcerative colitis and cancer of large intestine. Tumor of kidney and bladder may also lead to loss of blood in urine. People taking blood thinner medicines have risk of bleeding inetrnal may remain unnoticed. Certain blood disorders such as factor V deficiency, hemophilia can wat into unexplained blood loss.
Other conditions such as leukemia or blood cancer, obstruction of bowel, lung cancer, hypothermia etc all can cause loss of blood that may be difficult to detect.
The what is the catheter used for of unexplained loss of blood can be mild or severe depending wuat the amount of blood loss.
It also depends on how rapidly it is lost whether it has been since few days or since weeks or months. Patient may complain of dizziness while standing after a period of prolonged sitting can be one of the features when blood loss is rapid. When the blood loss is gradual that may take weeks or months, the symptoms may be slow in onset sometimes even the patient may not notice it.
Patient may notice black tarry stool if the bleeding is occurring from stomach or upper part of small intestine.
Internl from how to get internet on wii with wifi or bladder may turn the color of urine brown or red. Patient may also complain of weakness and tiredness, breathlessness due to anemia.
The first step for treating unexplained blood loss is to find the source from where the blood is lost. Patient may have to undergo several tests for detecting the organ or area of damage.
The doctor may recommend several blood tests, radio-graphic imaging, and other investigative procedure to know the cause. Treatment also depends on how severe the loss is. Once the cause is determined all measures are taken to treat the underlying condition that is responsible for unexplained loss of blood. Csn, measures are taken to replenish the lost blood.
If the loss is severe blood transfusion may be needed. If the loss is minimal, the doctor may recommend iron and vitamin supplements and other measures to increase blood volume and treat anemia caused due to blood loss.
Published November 29, by PUP.
Symptoms Of Blood Loss
Nov 14, · Internal bleeding may occur with broken bones that contain bone marrow in which blood production occurs. These bones have a rich blood supply, and significant amounts of blood can be lost with fractures. The break of a long bone such as the thighbone (femur) can result in the loss of one unit ( cc to cc) of blood. Nov 29, · The other gastrointestinal causes for blood loss that may remain unexplained are diverticulosis, polyps, ulcerative colitis and cancer of large intestine. Tumor of kidney and bladder may also lead to loss of blood in urine. People taking blood thinner medicines have risk of bleeding that may remain unnoticed. Dec 16, · Because many cases of internal bleeding occur as the result of a specific injury or trauma, the cause may be easy to identify. But hemorrhaging can also be Author: Jennifer Huizen.
Anemia due to excessive bleeding results when loss of red blood cells exceeds production of new red blood cells. The most common cause of anemia is. When blood is lost, the body quickly pulls water from tissues outside the bloodstream in an attempt to keep the blood vessels filled. As a result, the blood is diluted, and the hematocrit the percentage of red blood cells in the total amount of blood in the body, or blood volume is reduced.
Eventually, increased production of red blood cells by the bone marrow may correct the anemia. However, over time, bleeding reduces the amount of iron in the body, so that the bone marrow is not able to increase production of new red blood cells to replace those lost.
The symptoms may be severe initially, especially if anemia develops rapidly as a result of the sudden loss of blood due to an injury, surgery, childbirth, or a ruptured blood vessel. Losing large amounts of blood suddenly can create two problems:. Blood pressure falls because the amount of fluid left in the blood vessels is insufficient. Either problem may lead to a heart attack , stroke , or death.
Far more common than a sudden loss of blood is long-term chronic bleeding, which may occur from various parts of the body. Although large amounts of bleeding, such as that from nosebleeds and hemorrhoids, are obvious, small amounts of bleeding may not be noticed. For example, a small amount of blood may not be visible in the stool. This type of blood loss is described as occult.
If a small amount of bleeding continues for a long time, a significant amount of blood may be lost. Such gradual bleeding may occur with common disorders, such as ulcers in the stomach or small intestine, diverticulosis , polyps in the large intestine, or cancers in the large intestine.
Other sources of chronic bleeding include kidney tumors or bladder tumors , which may cause blood to be lost in the urine, and heavy menstrual bleeding. Symptoms are similar to those of other types of anemia and vary from mild to severe, depending on. When the blood loss is rapid—over several hours or less—loss of just one third of the blood volume can be fatal. Dizziness upon sitting or standing after a period of lying down orthostatic hypotension is common when blood loss is rapid.
When the blood loss is slower—over several weeks or longer—loss of up to two thirds of the blood volume may cause only fatigue and weakness or no symptoms at all, if the person drinks enough fluids. Other symptoms may occur as a result of the bleeding or the disorder that causes the bleeding.
People may notice black, tarry stools if they have bleeding from the stomach or small intestine. Bleeding from the kidneys or bladder may cause red or brown urine. Women may notice long, heavy menstrual periods. Some disorders that cause chronic bleeding, such as stomach ulcers, cause abdominal discomfort. Other disorders, such as diverticulosis and intestinal cancers and polyps at an early stage, cause no symptoms.
Doctors do blood tests to detect anemia when people describe symptoms of anemia, have noticed bleeding, or both. Stool and urine are tested for blood in an effort to identify the source of bleeding. For large or rapid blood loss, the source of bleeding must be found and the bleeding stopped. Transfusion of red blood cells may be needed. With slow or small blood loss, the body may produce enough red blood cells to correct the anemia without the need for blood transfusions when the bleeding is stopped.
Because iron, which is required to produce red blood cells, is lost as a result of bleeding, most people who have anemia due to bleeding need to take iron supplements, usually tablets, for several months. Sometimes they are given iron intravenously. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Manual was first published in as a service to the community.
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Rapid blood loss. Chronic blood loss. Test your knowledge. Deficiencies of vitamin B12 and folate folic acid cause a condition called megaloblastic anemia. In patients with megaloblastic anemia the bone marrow produces red blood cells that are large and abnormal megaloblasts. More Content. Click here for the Professional Version. When blood loss is rapid, blood pressure falls, and people may be dizzy. When blood loss occurs gradually, people may be tired, short of breath, and pale.
Stool, urine, and imaging tests may be needed to determine the source of bleeding. The cause of bleeding is corrected, and transfusions and iron supplements are given if needed.
Excessive bleeding. How much blood is lost. Blood tests. Imaging tests or endoscopy may be needed to identify the source of bleeding. Stopping bleeding.
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