What causes a person to be anemic

what causes a person to be anemic

Causes of Anemia in Men, Know its Types, Symptoms, Treatment

What are the signs and symptoms of anemia? Dizziness or weakness. Headache. Sore tongue. Pale skin, dry skin, or easily bruised skin. Unintended movement in the lower leg (restless legs syndrome). Fast heartbeat. May 13,  · Anemia Caused by Decreased or Faulty Red Blood Cell Production. With this type of anemia, your body may not create enough blood cells, or they may not work the way they should.

Anemia is a condition in which you lack enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body's tissues. Having anemia can make you feel tired and weak.

There are how to lose the middle belly fat forms of anemia, tp with its own cause. Anemia can be temporary or long term, and it can range what shall this man do pdf mild to severe. See your doctor if you suspect that you have anemia. It can be a warning sign of serious illness. Treatments for anemia range from taking supplements to undergoing medical procedures.

You might be able to prevent some types of anemia by eating a healthy, varied diet. Anemia signs and symptoms vary depending on the cause. If the anemia is caused by a chronic disease, the disease can mask them, so that the anemia might be what causes a person to be anemic by tests for another condition. Depending on the causes of your anemia, you might have no snemic.

Signs and symptoms, if they do occur, might include:. Fatigue has many causes besides anemia, so don't assume that if you're tired you must ane,ic anemic.

Some people learn that their hemoglobin is low, which indicates anemia, when they donate blood. If you're told that you can't donate because of low hemoglobin, make an appointment with your doctor. Your body makes three types of blood cells — white blood cells to fight infection, platelets to help your blood clot and red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout your body.

Red blood cells contain hemoglobin — an iron-rich protein that gives blood its red color. Hemoglobin enables red blood cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to all parts of your body and to carry carbon dioxide from other parts of the body to your lungs to be exhaled. Most blood cells, including red blood cells, are produced regularly in your bone marrow — a spongy material found within the cavities of many of your large bones.

Whar produce hemoglobin and red blood cells, your body needs iron, vitamin B, folate and other nutrients from the foods you eat. Iron deficiency anemia. This most common type perskn anemia is caused by a shortage of iron in your body.

Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without adequate iron, your body can't produce enough hemoglobin for red blood cells. Without iron supplementation, this type of anemia occurs in many pregnant women. It is also caused by blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual whqt, an ulcer, cancer and regular use of some over-the-counter pain relievers, especially aspirin, which what causes a person to be anemic cause inflammation of cases stomach lining resulting in blood loss.

Vitamin deficiency anemia. Besides iron, your body andmic folate and vitamin B to produce enough healthy red blood cells. A diet lacking in these and other key nutrients can cause decreased red blood cell production. Also, some causse who consume enough B aren't able to absorb the vitamin. This can lead to vitamin deficiency anemia, also known as pernicious anemia.

Chronic conditions. If you have cancer, kidney failure, diabetes or another chronic condition, you could be at risk of anemia of chronic disease. These conditions can lead to a shortage of red blood cells. Slow, chronic blood loss from an ulcer or other anemiv within your body can how to get your vehicle title your body's store of iron, leading to iron deficiency anemia.

Many types of anemia can't be prevented. But you can avoid iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemias by eating a diet that includes a variety of vitamins and minerals, including:. If you're concerned about getting enough vitamins and minerals from food, ask your doctor whether a multivitamin might help.

Anemia care at Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care.

This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Anemia is a condition in which you lack enough healthy red blood cells to carry hwat oxygen to your body's tissues. Aplastic anemia Iron deficiency anemia Sickle cell anemia Thalassemia Vitamin deficiency anemia. Request an Appointment at What causes a person to be anemic Clinic.

Share pesron Facebook Twitter. Show references Anemia. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Accessed July 23, Lab Tests Online.

Schrier Xnemic. Approach to the adult patient with anemia. July 23, American Society of Hematology. Your guide to anemia. Accessed July 27, Morrow ES Jr. Causex EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 22, What is audio visual aid Clinic Causees Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.

What is Anemia?

Dec 20,  · There are many possible causes, but the most common is iron deficiency due to loss of blood. Blood-loss anemia occurs in about 9 to 14 percent . Feb 27,  · Symptoms of Iron Deficiency Anemia. Fatigue or weakness. Pale or yellow skin. Shortness of breath. Dizziness or lightheadedness. Headaches. Fast or irregular heartbeat. Chest pain. Cold feet and hands. Brittle, cracked nails, spoon-shaped nails. Hair loss. Aug 15,  · Anemia is basically caused by excessive loss of blood. This loss of blood can be external as well as internal. Internal bleeding most commonly takes place in the gastrointestinal lining which is caused due to ulcers. Another cause for internal .

Anemia happens when you do not have enough red blood cells. The cells travel with iron and hemoglobin, which is a protein that helps carry oxygen through the bloodstream to your organs all through the body. When someone develops anemia, they are said to be "anemic.

This is due to your organs not receiving the oxygen they need to do their jobs. Some people find out they are low in iron when they go to donate blood. There are several different types of anemia, but each of them causes the number of red blood cells in circulation to drop.

Red blood cell levels are low due to one of the following reasons:. Some types of anemia that you may have heard of include iron-deficiency anemia and sickle cell anemia. It is especially common in countries with few resources, but it also affects many people in the industrialized world.

Within the U. An estimated three million Americans have the disorder. Several signs and symptoms occur in all types of anemia, such as fatigue, shortness of breath and feeling cold.

Others include:. Anemia can have other affects on your body in addition to feeling tired or cold. Other signs that you might be lacking in iron include having brittle or spoon-shaped nails and possible hair loss.

You might find that your sense of taste has changed, or you might experience ringing in your ears. Different types of anemia may lead to other serious problems. People with sickle cell anemia often have heart and lung complications.

If you have anemia that is not treated, it could lead to an arrhythmia irregular heartbeat , an enlarged heart or heart failure. You are also at greater risk of getting infections and becoming depressed. You might have heard that iron deficiency is linked to chewing ice, which does happen. Chewing ice is a sign of pica, a condition that includes eating things that are not really food, like chalk or dirt.

So pica is also a sign of iron deficiency. It is often seen in children with anemia. It is important for children to have enough iron and other nutrients in their diets to prevent anemia and the related problems with lack of attention, delayed development of motor skills and problems with learning. In older children, you need to pay more attention to signs of anemia during growth spurts and menstrual cycles.

In older adults, anemia might have even more impact in causing confusion or depression. Weakness may make walking more difficult. Anemia may shorten your lifespan if you are older and it is not treated. Having enough iron may also be a factor in weight issues. Studies have found overweight people might lose weight if they address low iron in the blood.

You might experience unintentional weight loss along with anemia if you have other conditions, such as cancer. People who have had weight loss surgery might become anemic due to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. Iron deficiency during pregnancy increases the chance of complications, such as premature birth. After the birth, studies have indicated that babies born to women with low iron levels have a higher risk of low birth weight and problems with their own iron levels.

If you are pregnant, you are more likely to develop iron-deficiency anemia. Your unborn baby relies on you for iron and other nutrients.

Many women who are pregnant take iron pills to prevent anemia. To make sure that you have enough iron for you and your baby, eat well-balanced meals that include iron-rich foods and foods that provide B12 and B9 vitamins. Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for taking vitamins and adding iron to your diet. Finding out that you have anemia is just the beginning. Finding the cause of the anemia will lead you to the best treatment.

The most common cause of anemia is low levels of iron in the body. This type of anemia is called iron-deficiency anemia. Your body needs a certain amount of iron to make hemoglobin, the substance that moves oxygen throughout your body. However, iron-deficiency anemia is just one type. Other types are caused by:. Some types of iron-deficiency anemia are called by other names related to the cause, such as anemia of chronic disease also called anemia of inflammation or acute blood loss anemia.

In a strict sense, pernicious anemia happens when a person lacks something called intrinsic factor, which lets them absorb vitamin B Without vitamin B12, the body cannot develop healthy red blood cells. Other types of anemia that involve lack of B vitamins, such as B9 folic acid , are also often lumped in as pernicious anemia. This type of anemia can be caused by inherited or acquired diseases that cause the body to make deformed red blood cells that die off too quickly.

If it is not genetic, hemolytic anemia can be caused by harmful substances or reactions to certain drugs. Sickle cell anemia. This genetic form of anemia happens because the shape of the red blood cells is faulty. They are sickle shaped, which means that they can clog the blood vessels and cause damage. The hemoglobin does not work correctly. This type of anemia is most often, but not always, found in African Americans. Diamond-Blackfan anemia. This is a rare blood disorder that may be inherited or acquired.

In this type of anemia, the bone marrow does not make enough red blood cells. This is a type of anemia in that is caused by damaged bone marrow which is unable to make enough red blood cells.

It also may be congenital or acquired. Another name for aplastic anemia is bone marrow aplasia failure. Some people might think of this condition as cancer, but it is not.

There is something referred to by some people as myelodysplastic anemia. However, myelodyplastic syndromes MDS refer to actual cancer and are a result of abnormal cells in the bone marrow. Fanconi anemia. This type of anemia is also rare and it is genetic. It happens because the bone marrow does not make enough red blood cells. There are physical signs of this condition, such as abnormal bone structure and abnormal skin color. Thalassemias are inherited conditions in which your body does not make the right amount of hemoglobin.

In addition to not making enough of these cells, the red blood cells do not live as long as they would in someone without the condition. However, careful food planning makes this statement false. There are plenty of ways to get enough iron with a plant-based diet. Your healthcare provider might also use terms for anemia that refer to the size of the red blood cells.

These words include terms like macrocytic anemia larger than normal cells or microcytic anemia smaller than normal cells. Your healthcare provider can perform blood tests to tell if you have anemia. The main test is a complete blood count test, also called the CBC. The CBC can tell you how many red blood cells you have, how big they are and what shape they are. Blood tests can also tell you if you are low in vitamins B12 and B9 and how much iron your body has stored.

The type and number of blood and other tests will depend on what type of anemia your provider thinks that you have. The type of anemia and its cause will allow your healthcare provider to determine the right kind of treatment.

First, your healthcare provider will find out if the anemia is being caused by a poor diet or a more serious health problem. Then, you can be treated for both the anemia and its cause. Iron-deficiency anemia is treated with:. If your anemia is caused by internal bleeding, your provider may need to do surgery to stop it.

Other types of anemia may require other types of treatment. For instance, genetic disorders like beta thalassemia and sickle cell anemia may require bone marrow transplant. If CKD is causing your anemia, in addition to iron supplementation through oral or IV means , treatment could also include injections of erythropoietin EPO.

EPO is a hormone that tells the bone marrow to make red blood cells. Anemia is also linked to cancer in some cases — both in terms of anemia being a symptom and in terms of cancer treatment. Both radiation and chemotherapy can cause anemia.

Although most types of anemia can be treated, anemia can still be fatal. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were 1. Some kinds of anemia, such as those that are inherited, cannot be prevented. However, you can prevent anemia caused by iron deficiency, vitamin B12 deficiency and vitamin B9 deficiency by eating well.

This includes eating a diet with enough foods that provide iron and these vitamins, along with vitamin C food sources to help with the absorption. Make sure that you drink enough water.

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