What causes edema in the body

what causes edema in the body

Signs that you might have edema include the following: The affected area is swollen. The skin over the swollen area might look stretched and shiny. Pushing in gently on the swollen area with your finger for at least 5 seconds and then removing your finger will leave a dimple in the skin. You may. Oct 23,  · Medications, pregnancy, infections, and many other medical problems can cause edema. Edema happens when your small blood vessels leak fluid into nearby tissues. That extra fluid builds up, which.

Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on May 4, Prolonged standing or sitting, especially in hot weather, can cause excess fluid to accumulate in the feet, ankles and lower legs.

Tiny valves inside the veins of the legs can become weakened, causing a common problem called venous insufficiency. This problem makes it more difficult for the veins to pump blood back to the heart, and leads to varicose veins and buildup of fluid. Severe chronic long-term bodyy diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, increase pressure in the blood vessels that lead from the heart to the lungs. This pressure backs up in the heart.

The higher pressure causes swelling in the legs and feet. Congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart what prison was nelson mandela sent to no longer pump efficiently, causes fluid buildup in the lungs causws other ccauses of the body.

Swelling is often most visible in the feet and ankles. Pregnancy can cause edema in the legs as the uterus puts pressure on the vena cava, a major blood vessel that returns blood to the heart from the legs. Fluid retention during pregnancy also can be caused by a more serious condition called preeclampsia. Low protein levels in the blood caused by malnutrition, kidney and liver disease can cause edema.

The proteins help to hold salt and water inside the blood vessels so fluid does not leak out into the tissues. If a blood protein, called albumin, gets too low, fluid is retained and edema occurs, especially in the feet, ankles and lower legs. Symptoms vary according to the cases of edema and its location. In general, the skin above the swollen ecema will be stretched and shiny.

To check for edema that is not obvious, you can gently press your thumb over the foot, ankle or leg with slow, steady pressure. If you what is the 15th century edema, you will see an indentation where you pressed. You should see a doctor to determine the cause of leg swelling. If both legs are swollen, your doctor will ask bodt other symptoms and will examine you.

A urine test will show if you are losing protein from the kidneys. Blood tests, a chest X-ray and an electrocardiogram EKG also may be done. The only way to prevent edema is to prevent the cause. Smoking is the main cause of chronic lung disease. Congestive heart failure most often is caused by coronary artery disease, high blood pressure or drinking too much alcohol. To avoid leg swelling on long trips, stand up and walk around often. Ideally, you should get up once an hour. If that's not possible, then exercise your feet and lower legs while sitting.

This will help the veins move blood back toward the heart. Treatment of edema focuses on correcting the cause of the fluid accumulation. A low-salt diet usually helps. You also should avoid drinking too much fluid. If you are not short of breath, elevate your legs above the cajses of your heart to keep swelling down. Your doctor might suggest that you take a low dose of a diuretic water pill. For what causes edema in the body ankles and feet what caused the gaza attack by pregnancy, elevate your legs and avoid lying on your back to help improve blood flow and decrease swelling.

If you have mild leg edema caused by venous insufficiency, elevate your legs periodically and wear support compression stockings. Sometimes surgery is needed to improve the flow of blood through the leg veins. No matter what the cause of edema, any swollen area of the body should be protected from pressure, injury and extreme temperatures.

The skin over swollen legs becomes more fragile over time. Cuts, scrapes and burns in areas that have edema take much longer to heal and are more likely to get infected. Call your doctor immediately if you have pain, redness or heat in a swollen area, an open sore, shortness of breath or swelling of only one limb.

The outlook for edema of the legs depends on the cause. For most people with edema, the prognosis is excellent. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies what causes edema in the body your personal circumstances. Edema Medically reviewed by Drugs.

Edema is swelling of both legs from a buildup of extra fluid. Edema has many possible causes: Prolonged standing or sitting, especially in hot weather, can cause excess fluid to accumulate in the feet, ankles and lower legs.

Symptoms Symptoms vary according to the type of edema and its location. Diagnosis To check for edema that is not obvious, you can gently press your thumb over the foot, ankle or leg with slow, steady pressure.

Expected Duration Edema can be temporary or permanent, and it can come and go depending on the cause. Prevention The only way to prevent edema is to prevent the cause. Treatment Treatment of edema focuses on correcting the cause of the fluid accumulation. When To Call a Professional Call your doctor immediately what causes edema in the body you have pain, redness or heat in a swollen area, an open sore, shortness of breath or swelling of only one limb.

Prognosis The outlook for edema of the legs depends on the cause. More About Edema Medication Guide 1 related article. Care Notes 1 related article. Mayo Clinic what causes edema in the body related article. Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA Safety Alerts. Daily Tye. Monthly Newsletter. I accept the Terms and Privacy Policy. Email address. Select one vody more newsletters to continue. Latest Drug Information Updates.

What is Edema?

Edema happens most often in the feet, ankles, and legs, but can affect other parts of the body, such as the face, hands, and abdomen. It can also involve the entire body. Your doctor will ask you questions, conduct a full exam, and might order tests to determine why you have edema. Edema can be temporary or permanent, depending on its cause. Edema is treated according to the condition that is causing it. For example:. In addition to treating the underlying diseases, there are a few other steps you can take to keep fluid from building up in your body:.

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Causes include diseases, medications and allergies. Treatment involves lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise. Appointments What is edema? Symptoms and Causes What causes edema? Edema has many possible causes: Edema can occur as a result of gravity, especially from sitting or standing in one place for too long. Water naturally gets pulled down into your legs and feet. Edema can happen from a weakening in the valves of the veins in the legs a condition called venous insufficiency.

This problem makes it hard for the veins to push blood back up to the heart, and leads to varicose veins and a buildup of fluid in the legs. Certain diseases — such as congestive heart failure and lung, liver, kidney, and thyroid diseases — can cause edema or make it worse. Some drugs, such as medications that you are taking for your blood pressure or to control pain, may cause or worsen edema. An allergic reaction, severe inflammation, burns, trauma, clot s , or poor nutrition can also cause edema.

Too much salt from your diet can make edema worse. Being pregnant can cause edema in the legs as the uterus puts pressure on the blood vessels in the lower trunk of the body.

What are the symptoms of edema? Signs that you might have edema include the following: The affected area is swollen. The skin over the swollen area might look stretched and shiny. Pushing in gently on the swollen area with your finger for at least 5 seconds and then removing your finger will leave a dimple in the skin. You may have trouble walking if your legs are swollen. You may be coughing or have trouble breathing if you have edema in the lungs.

Management and Treatment How is edema treated? For example: If edema is caused by lung disease, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis , quitting smoking would be advised if the patient smokes. For patients with chronic heart failure, these measures would be advised: treating coronary artery disease; monitoring weight, fluid, and salt intake ; and cutting down on excess alcohol.

If the cause is related to a medication, stopping the medication will cause the swelling to resolve. Talk to your doctor before stopping any medication. In addition to treating the underlying diseases, there are a few other steps you can take to keep fluid from building up in your body: Put a pillow under your legs when you are lying down or sitting for prolonged periods.

Keep your legs elevated above the level of your heart. Do not sit or stand for long periods of time without moving. Wear support stockings, which put pressure on your legs and keep fluids from collecting in your legs and ankles.

These stockings can be purchased at most drugstores. Ask your doctor about limiting your salt intake. Your doctor might want you to take a diuretic commonly called a "water pill" , which helps your body get rid of excess fluid. Other important tips: Protect any swollen areas from additional pressure, injury, and extreme temperatures. Injury to the skin over swollen areas takes longer to heal and is more likely to become infected. Call your doctor immediately if you have any pain, redness, or heat in a swollen area; have an open sore; or experience shortness of breath or swelling of only one limb.

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