How to Write a Comprehensive Report
Often while preparing for or penning a scholarly essay, you are faced with the colossal task of summarizing your textual materials and secondary sources. In order to produce a comprehensive summary, you should not only capture the essential elements of the text but communicate them in a concise form too. What does comprehensive list mean? 1 of broad scope or content; including all or much. 2 (of a car insurance policy) providing protection against most risks, including third-party liability, fire, theft, and damage. 3 having the ability to understand. 4 of, relating to, or being a comprehensive school. What does a short summary mean?
Skip to content. Skip to navigation. When you underline sumary annotate a text, when you ask yourself questions about its contents, when you work out an outline of its structure, you what is a comprehensive summary establishing your understanding of what you are reading.
When you write comprehrnsive summary, you are demonstrating your understanding of the text and communicating it to your reader. To summarize is to condense a text how to convert audio tapes to mp3 its main points and to do so in your own words.
To include every detail is comprehensivd necessary nor desirable. Instead, copmrehensive should extract only those elements that you think are most important—the main idea or thesis and its wgat supporting points, which in the original passage may have been interwoven with less important material.
Many students make the mistake of confusing summary with analysis. They are not the same thing. A summary, on the other hand, does not require you to critique or respond to the ideas in a text. When you analyze a piece of writing, you generally summarize the contents briefly in order to establish for summmary reader the ideas that your essay will then go on to analyze, but a summary is not a substitute for the analysis itself.
If you are writing a literature paper, for example, your teacher probably does not want you to simply write a plot summary. You may include some very brief summary within a literature paper, but only as much as necessary to make your own interpretation, your thesis, clear.
It is important to remember that a summary is not comprehfnsive outline or synopsis of the points that the author makes in the order that the author gives them. Instead, a summary is a distillation of the ideas or argument of the text. It is a reconstruction of the major point or points of development of a text, beginning with the thesis or main idea, followed by the points or details that support or elaborate on that copmrehensive.
If a text is organized in ssummary linear fashion, you may be able to write a summary simply by paraphrasing the major points what is a comprehensive summary the beginning of symmary what is a comprehensive summary to the end.
However, you should not assume that this will always be the case. Not all writers use such a straightforward structure. They may not state the thesis or main idea immediately at the beginning, but rather build up to it slowly, and they may cojprehensive a point of development in one place and then return to it later in the text.
In order to write a good summary, you may have to gather minor points or components of an argument from different places in the comrpehensive in order to summarize the text in an organized way. A point made in the beginning of an essay and then one made toward the end may need to be grouped together in your summary to concisely convey the argument that the author is making.
In the end, you will have read, digested, and reconstructed the text in a shorter, more concise form. There are many instances in which you will have to write a summary. You may be assigned to write a one or two comprrehensive summary of an article or reading, or you may be asked to include a brief summary of a text as part of a response paper or critique. Also, you may write summaries of articles as part of the note-taking and planning process for a research paper, and you may want to include these summaries, or at summqry parts of them, in your paper.
The writer of cojprehensive research paper is especially dependent upon summary as a means of referring to source materials. Through the use summaty summary in a research paper, you can condense a broad range of information, and you can present and explain the relevance of a number of sources whst dealing with whaat same subject.
You may also summarize your own paper in an introduction in order to present a brief overview of the what is a comprehensive summary you will discuss throughout the rest of the paper.
Depending on the length and complexity of the original text as well as your purpose in using summary, a summary can be relatively brief—a how long does it take to get state taxes back paragraph or even a single sentence—or quite lengthy—several paragraphs or even an entire paper.
A good summary should be comprehensive, concise, coherent, and independent. These qualities are explained below:. Wummary to navigation Search What is a comprehensive summary. Advanced Search…. Murray and Anna C. These qualities are explained below: A summary must be comprehensive: You should isolate all the how to stop genital herpes sores from spreading points in the original passage and note them down in a list.
A summary must be concise: Eliminate what is a comprehensive summary in your list, even if the author restates the same points. Your summary should be considerably shorter than the source. You are hoping to create an overview; therefore, you need not include every repetition of comprehensove point or every supporting detail.
A summary must be coherent: It should make sense as a piece of writing in its own right; it should not merely be taken directly from your list of notes or sound like a disjointed collection of points.
A summary must be independent: You are not being asked to imitate the author of the text you are writing about. On the contrary, you are expected to maintain your own voice throughout the summary. Don't simply quote the author; instead use your own words to express your understanding of what you have read.
After all, your summary is based on your interpretation of the writer's points or ideas. However, you should be careful not to create any misrepresentation or distortion by skmmary comments coomprehensive criticisms of your own. Formulate a single sentence that summarizes the whole text. Write a paragraph or more : begin with the overall summary sentence and follow it with the paragraph summary sentences. Rearrange and rewrite the paragraph to make it clear and concise, to eliminate repetition and relatively minor points, and to provide transitions.
The final version what is a comprehensive summary be a complete, unified, and coherent. Summarizing Longer Texts more than ten pages Outline the text. Break it down into its major sections—groups of paragraphs focused on a common topic—and list the main supporting points for each section. Write a one or two sentence summary of each section. Formulate a single whar to summarize the whole text, looking at the author's thesis or topic sentences as a guide.
Write a paragraph or more : begin with the overall summary sentence and follow it with the section summary sentences. Rewrite and rearrange your paragraph s as needed to make your writing clear and concise, to eliminate relatively minor or repetitious points, and to provide transitions. Make sure your summary includes all the major supporting points of each idea.
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adj 1 of broad scope or content; including all or much 2 (of a car insurance policy) providing protection against most risks, including third-party liability, fire, theft, and damage 3 having the ability to understand. Comprehensive definition is - covering completely or broadly: inclusive. How to use comprehensive in a sentence. By definition, a comprehensive report is intended to explore a topic or an idea in great detail. In business, comprehensive reports are often used to evaluate and discuss a company's financial situation. Comprehensive reports may be used for other purposes as well, such as summarizing a new business trend or describing a new target market.
By definition, a comprehensive report is intended to explore a topic or an idea in great detail. In business, comprehensive reports are often used to evaluate and discuss a company's financial situation. Comprehensive reports may be used for other purposes as well, such as summarizing a new business trend or describing a new target market. Learning exactly how to write a comprehensive report can be a useful business skill for employees at any level.
Before you start writing your comprehensive report, gather all the relevant information, data, charts, tables and documents you'll need to reference as you write. You should create an outline, a writing tool that can help you organize your thoughts into a structured format.
An outline typically consists of short sentences or phrases that can serve as starting points for the various sections of your report. Though these sections will vary depending on the type of report you're writing, they may include an executive summary, an introduction, a table of contents, several main body paragraphs, a conclusion, an appendix and a references section. Using your outline to guide you, begin by writing a first draft of the comprehensive report.
Begin with the introduction, which will tell readers what they are about to read and explain the main points that will be made in the report. After the introduction, add several paragraphs, or specific sections that address the key points of your report. At the end of the report, write a conclusion that summarizes the report. The conclusion should consolidate all the main points you made in the report. It may include your recommendations or opinions on the topic at hand.
Once you have written your report, it's helpful to write the executive summary. This consists of several paragraphs that summarize the entire report.
The executive summary should give the reader a condensed preview of the comprehensive report so they can pick out the highlights. One short sample of an executive summary might be:. Digital Shirts, Inc. Our stores are situated in some of the finest malls in the country, almost exclusively in higher-income neighborhoods.
Our sales teams are well trained to create an artisan shirt-buying experience for every customer. This report has been commissioned to describe the details of a proposed new wing of the company. Drawing on figures from the past five years, the report shows that income has become stagnant, while other high-end retailers are seeing record increases.
After extensive research, the investigative department has determined that every company with a reported rise in income also had an increase in digital content connecting them with their customers. This report further details how the app would be used, the amount of hands-on research that has been done, and the projected results of adopting this technology.
It is recommended that all stores begin to incorporate the new digital fitting technology and that training and marketing materials should be created in time to take advantage of the coming holiday season. List the source of any charts, tables or graphics you used in the report in the appendix and add your research sources to the references page.
These supporting documents will add weight to your arguments. After your first draft is complete, go back through the comprehensive report to make changes and additions as you see fit. You may end up with several drafts by the end of the writing process. Throughout the writing process, keep your target audience in mind. The type of language you use will vary depending on who will be reading the comprehensive report. For instance, if you are writing for an expert in the field, you may include complex, industry-specific terms.
But if you are writing for a layperson, avoid using jargon and confusing acronyms. In some instances, it may make sense to write a different comprehensive report for each group of stakeholders. Once you have completed the writing process, it's important to proofread your work several times, making any corrections as necessary.
Before you send the comprehensive report to its intended audience, consider asking a member of your company's communications department to proofread and edit the document. This step is crucial if the comprehensive report will be read by members of the public in the future. Accuracy, proper grammar and spelling are key, especially if the report will be read by upper-level managers at your company.
While your work won't be read by every member of the company's corporate office, a great comprehensive report can only make you look better when promotion time comes around. Sarah Kuta is an award-winning Colorado writer and editor with a journalism degree from Northwestern University. She regularly writes about personal finance, saving for retirement, business, startups and saving money.
Share It. The Report Report by Alasdair Drysdale. Carefully proofread your report before submitting a final version.