# What is a nested if function in excel Nested IF Formula in Excel

Multiple IF functions can be nested together to allow for multiple criteria. The Excel IF function statement allows you to make a logical comparison between a value and what you expect by testing for a condition and returning a result if True or False. This article describes the Excel nested IF construction. Usually, nested IFs are used when you need to test more than one condition and return different results depending on those tests. Testing more than one condition.

The usefulness of the IF function is extended by inserting, or nesting, multiple IF functions inside each other. Nested IF functions increase the number of possible conditions that are tested for and increase the number of actions that are taken to deal with these outcomes. As shown in the image, this tutorial uses two IF functions to create a formula that calculates an annual deduction amount for employees based on their yearly salary.

The formula used in the example is shown below. The different parts of the formula are separated by commas and carry out the following tasks:.

Enter the data into cells C1 to E6 of an Excel worksheet as seen in the image. The only data not entered at this point is the IF function itself located in cell E7. The instructions for copying the data do not include formatting steps for the worksheet. This doesn't interfere with completing the tutorial. Your worksheet may look different than the example shown, but the IF function will give you the same results.

It is possible to just enter the complete formula. In Excel Online, this is the method you must use. However, if you are using a desktop version of Excel, it is often easier to use the function's dialog box to enter the necessary arguments.

Using the dialog box is a bit trickier when entering nested functions because the nested function must be typed in. A second dialog box cannot be opened to enter what causes bleeding in stool second set of arguments.

Since the worksheet calculates the annual deduction for several employees, the formula is first entered into cell E7 using absolute cell references for the deduction rates and then copied to cells E8:E The data entered into the blank lines in the dialog box what is a nested if function in excel the arguments of the IF function.

These arguments what is the best bmx race bike the function the condition being tested and what is a nested if function in excel actions to take if the condition is true or false. To continue with this example, you may:. This data can be numbers, cell referencesthe results of formulas, or even text data. In this example, there are three salary levels that determine an employee's annual deduction:.

A single IF function can compare two levels, but the third salary level requires the use of the second nested IF function. Normally, when a formula is copied to other cells, the relative cell references in the formula change to reflect the formula's new location. This makes what car price can i afford calculator easy to use the same formula in multiple locations.

Occasionally, having what is a nested if function in excel references change when a function is copied results in errors. To prevent these errors, the cell references can be made Absolute, which stops them from changing when they are copied. Adding the dollar signs is easily done by pressing the F4 key on the keyboard after the cell reference has been entered into the dialog box.

D7 is not entered as an absolute cell reference. It needs to change when the formula is copied to cells E8:E11 in order to get the correct deduction amount for each employee. In this case, the nested IF function is entered as this argument. By doing so, the following results occur:. After following these steps, your example now matches the first image in this article. To complete the worksheet, copy the formula containing the nested IF function to cells E8 to E As the function is copied, Excel updates the relative cell references to reflect the function's new location while keeping the absolute cell reference the same.

One easy way to copy formulas in Excel is with the Fill Handle. Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile.

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Former Lifewire writer Ted French is a Microsoft Certified Professional who teaches and writes about spreadsheets and spreadsheet programs. Updated on June 16, Tweet Share Email.

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Nested IF Formula: It’s an If function within an if function to test multiple conditions. Syntax of Nested IF Formula: =IF(condition, value_if_true1, IF(second condition, value_if_true2, value_if_false2)). Using a function as one of the arguments in a formula that uses a function is called nesting, and we’ll refer to that function as a nested function. For example, by nesting the AVERAGE and SUM function in the arguments of the IF function, the following formula sums a set of numbers (G2:G5) only if the average of another set of numbers (F2:F5) is greater than Excel allows a user to use a multiple nested logical expression in order to check if conditions are true. This is possible by using the nested IF function which returns Boolean TRUE or FALSE as a result. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in using the nested IF function. Figure 1. The result of the nested IF function.

By Pradeep S. Sometimes you need to work with situations or conditions where there are more than two possible outcomes; in this scenario, the Nested IF Formula helps you out. Nesting means a combination of formulas, one inside the other, where each formula controls or handles the result of others.

I need to build that formula with multiple IF statements. I continue with similar steps until I reach the last category. Otherwise or else, If the condition or criteria of the first If a function is not met, then go ahead and carry out or test the second If statement and follow the similar step until the last criteria.

In the below-mentioned screenshot, you can observe; usually, parenthesis pairs are shaded in various or different colors so that the opening parenthesis matches the closing one at the end.

Note: Never present the numbers or numeric values in the double quotes, e. When you click on the evaluate button frequently, it will show you all the evaluation process steps From beginning to end, how the formula works step by step process. Here we discuss How to use the Nested IF Formula in Excel along with practical examples and a downloadable excel template. You can also go through our other suggested articles-. Forgot Password? This website or its third-party tools use cookies, which are necessary to its functioning and required to achieve the purposes illustrated in the cookie policy.

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