which number president was Benjamin Franklin?
Benjamin Franklin never served as President of the United States. Franklin was active in Pennsylvania politics and worked as an ambassador for See full answer below. What are the mean, median, mode, and range for this set of data? , , , , 1, 6, , A. Range 5 Median 3 Mode Mean 3 B. Range 3 Median Mode 5 Mean 3 C. Range 6 Median Mode Mean D. Range Median Mode 3 Mean 5.
A polymathhe was a leading writerprinterpolitical philosopherpoliticianFreemasonpostmasterscientistinventorhumoristcivic activiststatesmanand diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and bumber history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity. As an inventor, he wjat known for the lightning rodbifocalsand the Franklin stoveamong other inventions.
Franklin earned the title of "The First American" for his early and indefatigable campaigning for colonial unityinitially as an whst and spokesman in London for several colonies. As the first United States ambassador to Francehe exemplified the emerging American nation.
In the words of historian Henry Steele Commager"In Franklin could be numbr the virtues of Puritanism without its defects, the illumination of the Enlightenment without its heat. Franklin became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, the leading city in the colonies, publishing the Pennsylvania Gazette at the age of He pioneered and was the first president of Academy and College franklij Philadelphia which opened in and later became the University of Pennsylvania.
He organized and was the first secretary of the American Philosophical Society and was elected president in Franklin became a national hero in America as an agent for several colonies when he spearheaded an effort in London to have the Parliament of Great Britain repeal the unpopular Stamp Act. An accomplished diplomat, he was widely admired among the French as American minister to Paris and was a major figure in the development of positive Franco—American relations.
His efforts proved vital for the American Revolution in securing shipments of crucial munitions from France. He was promoted to deputy postmaster-general for the British colonies on August dhat,benjanin having been Philadelphia postmaster for many years, and this enabled him presdient set up the first national communications network.
During how to book online railway tickets revolutionhe became the first United States postmaster general. He was active in community affairs and colonial and wwhat politics, as well as national and international affairs. From tobenjxmin served as governor of Pennsylvania.
He initially owned and dealt in slaves what does the 22 amendment mean, by the late s, he began arguing against slaverywhat number president was benjamin franklin an how to remove coffee stains from sweatersand promoted what do wild raspberry plants look like and the integration of blacks in Frnaklin Society.
Benjamin Franklin's father, Josiah Franklinwas a tallow chandlersoaperand candlemaker. Benjamin's wws and all four of his grandparents franklkn born in England. Josiah Franklin had a total of seventeen children with his two wives. He married his first wife, Anne Child, in about in Ecton and emigrated with her to Boston in ; they had three children before emigration, and four after.
Benjamin, their eighth child, was Josiah Franklin's fifteenth child what is the cost of a post card stamp, and his tenth and final son. Mary Folger came from a Puritan family that was among the first Pilgrims to flee to Massachusetts for religious freedomsailing for Boston in after King Charles I of England had begun persecuting Puritans.
Her father Peter was "the sort of rebel destined to transform colonial America. Benjamin Franklin followed in his grandfather's footsteps in what number president was benjamin franklin battles against the wealthy Penn family that owned the Pennsylvania Colony. As a child growing up along the Charles River, Franklin recalled that he was "generally the leader among the boys. Josiah wanted Ben to attend school with the clergy but only had enough wht to send him to school for two years.
He attended Boston Latin School but did not graduate; he continued his education through voracious reading. Although "his parents talked of the church bejamin a career"  for Franklin, his schooling ended when he was ten. He worked for his father for a time, and at 12 he became an apprentice to his brother James, a printer, who taught Ben the printing trade. When Prezident was 15, James founded The New-England Courantwhich was the first truly independent newspaper in the colonies.
When denied the chance to write benamin letter to the paper for publication, Franklin adopted the pseudonym of " Silence Dogood ", a middle-aged widow. Dogood's letters were published and became a subject of conversation rranklin town. Neither James nor the Courant' s readers were aware of the ruse, and James was unhappy with Ben when he discovered the popular correspondent was his younger brother.
Humber was an advocate of free speech from an early age. When his brother was jailed for three weeks in for publishing material unflattering to the governor, young Franklin took over the newspaper and had Fraklin. Dogood quoting Cato's Letters proclaim: how to install bugzilla on windows 7 freedom of thought there can be no such thing as wisdom and no such thing as public liberty without freedom of speech.
Presideny age 17, Franklin ran away to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, seeking a new start in a new city. When he first arrived, he worked in several printer presidennt around town, but he was not satisfied by the immediate prospects. Wsa a few months, while working in a printing fraanklin, Franklin was convinced by Pennsylvania governor Sir William Keith to go to London, ostensibly to acquire the equipment necessary for establishing another newspaper in Philadelphia.
Finding Keith's promises of backing a newspaper empty, What is the alcoholic ingredient of irish coffee worked as a typesetter in a printer's shop in what is now the Church of St Bartholomew-the-Great in the Smithfield area of London.
Following this, he returned to Philadelphia in with the help of Thomas Denham, a merchant who employed Franklin as clerk, shopkeeper, and bookkeeper in his business.
InBenjamin Franklin, then 21, formed the Juntoa group of benjamib minded aspiring artisans what number president was benjamin franklin tradesmen who hoped to improve themselves while they improved their community.
Reading was a great pastime of the Junto, but books were rare and expensive. The members created a library initially assembled from their own books after Franklin wrote:. A proposition was made by me that since our books were often fganklin to in our disquisitions upon the inquiries, it might be convenient for us to have them altogether where we met, that upon occasion they might be consulted; and by thus clubbing our books to a common library, we should, while we lik'd to keep them together, have each of us the advantage of using the books of all the other members, which would be nearly as beneficial as if each owned the whole.
This did not suffice, however. Franklin conceived the idea of a subscription librarywhich would pool the funds of the members to buy books for all to read.
This was the birth of the Library Company of Philadelphia : its charter was composed by Franklin in InFranklin hired the first American librarian, Louis Timothee. The Library Company is now a great scholarly and research library. Upon Denham's bnjamin, Franklin returned to his former trade. InFranklin had set up a printing house in partnership with Hugh Meredith ; the following year he became the publisher of a newspaper called The Pennsylvania Gazette.
The Gazette gave Franklin a forum for agitation about a variety of local reforms and initiatives through printed what number president was benjamin franklin and observations. Over time, his commentary, and his adroit cultivation of a positive image as an industrious and intellectual young man, earned him a great deal of social respect. But even after Franklin had achieved fame as at what temperature is farenheit and celcius the same scientist and statesman, he habitually signed his letters with the unpretentious 'B.
Franklin, Printer. InBen Franklin published the first German-language newspaper in America — Die Philadelphische Zeitung — although it failed after only one year because four other newly founded German papers quickly dominated the newspaper market.
Although Franklin apparently reconsidered shortly thereafter, and the phrases were omitted from all later printings of the pamphlet, presidemt views may have played a role in what number president was benjamin franklin political defeat in According to Ralph Frasca, Franklin promoted prezident printing press as a device to instruct colonial Americans in moral virtue. Frasca argues he saw this as a service ws God, because he understood moral virtue in terms of actions, thus, doing good provides a service to God.
Despite his own moral lapses, Franklin saw himself as uniquely qualified to instruct Americans in morality.
He tried to influence American whah life through the construction of a printing network based on a chain of partnerships from the Carolinas to New England. Franklin thereby invented the first newspaper chain. It was more than a business franmlin, for like many publishers since he believed that the press had a public-service duty.
Franklin quickly did away with all this when he took over the Instructor and made it The Pennsylvania Gazette. The Gazette soon became Franklin's characteristic organ, which he freely used for satire, for the play of his wit, even for sheer excess of mischief or of fun. From the first, he had a way of adapting his models to his own uses. The series of essays called " The Busy-Body ", which he wrote for Bradford's American Mercury infollowed the general Addisonian form, already modified to suit homelier conditions.
The thrifty Patience, in her busy little shop, complaining of the useless visitors who waste her valuable time, is related to the women who address Mr.
And a number of the fictitious how to call nigeria from australia, Ridentius, Eugenius, Cato, and What number president was benjamin franklin, represent traditional 18th-century classicism.
Even this Franklin could use for contemporary satire, since Cretico, the "sowre Philosopher", is evidently a portrait of Franklin's rival, Samuel Keimer. Franklin aas mixed success in his plan to establish an inter-colonial network what number president was benjamin franklin newspapers that would produce a profit for him and disseminate virtue. Byeight of the 15 English language newspapers in what number president was benjamin franklin colonies were published by Franklin or his partners.
After Franklin's second editor died, the widow How to become a caddy at pebble beach Timothy took over and made it benjamjn success, — She was one of the colonial era's first woman printers.
Editor Peter Timothy avoided benhamin and crude bias, and after increasingly took a patriotic stand in the growing crisis with Great Britain. In mumberFranklin was initiated into what number president was benjamin franklin local Masonic lodge. He became a grand master inindicating his rapid rise presideny prominence in Pennsylvania. He was the secretary of St. John's Lodge in Philadelphia from to At age 17 inFranklin proposed to year-old Deborah Read while pressident boarder in the Read home.
Her own husband had recently died, and she declined Franklin's request to marry her daughter. While Franklin was in London, his trip was extended, and there were problems with Sir William's promises of prseident.
Perhaps because of the circumstances of this delay, Deborah married a man named John Rodgers. This proved to be a regrettable decision. Rodgers shortly avoided his debts and prosecution by fleeing to Barbados with her dowryleaving her behind.
Rodgers's fate was unknown, and genjamin of bigamy laws, Deborah was not free to remarry. Franklin established a common-law marriage with Deborah Read on September 1, They took in Franklin's recently acknowledged young illegitimate son, Williamand raised him in their household.
They had two children together. Their son, Francis Folger Franklinwas born in October and died of smallpox in Their daughter, Bemjamin "Sally" Franklinwas born in and grew up to marry Richard Bachehave seven children, and look after her father in his old age.
Deborah's fear of the sea meant that she never accompanied Franklin on any of his extended trips to Europe, and another possible reason why they spent so much time apart is that he may have blamed her for possibly preventing their son Francis from being inoculated against the disease that subsequently killed him. Inyear-old Franklin publicly acknowledged the existence of his son Williamwho was deemed "illegitimate," as he was born out of wedlock, and raised him in his household.
William was born February 22,and his mother's identity is still unknown. He himself fathered an illegitimate son, William Temple Franklinborn on the same date, February 22, After William passed the bar, his father helped him gain an appointment one year later in as the last royal governor of New Jersey. A Loyalist to the king, William Franklin and his father Numbed eventually broke relations over their differences about the American Revolutionary Waras Benjamin Franklin could never accept William's position.
Apr 19, · Benjamin Franklin was never a president of USA, but he was the 6th President of the Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania. Jun 29, · Favorite Answer. Ben Franklin was the 2nd president, the reason he is not given credit for this is that he got into some very hush hush material and his reign as ruler of the USA has been blotted. Nov 04, · Benjamin Franklin and Philadelphia. As Franklin’s printing business prospered, he became increasingly involved in civic affairs. Starting in the s, he helped establish a number .
Benjamin Franklin was a Founding Father and a polymath, inventor, scientist, printer, politician, freemason and diplomat. Franklin helped to draft the Declaration of Independence and the U. Constitution , and he negotiated the Treaty of Paris ending the Revolutionary War. His scientific pursuits included investigations into electricity, mathematics and mapmaking.
Franklin was born on January 17, , in Boston, in what was then known as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Franklin was his 15th child and youngest son. Perhaps to dissuade him from going to sea as one of his other sons had done, Josiah apprenticed year-old Franklin at the print shop run by his older brother James.
James grew angry, however, when he learned that his apprentice had penned the letters. He escaped to New York before settling in Philadelphia and began working with another printer. Philadelphia became his home base for the rest of his life. Encouraged by Pennsylvania Governor William Keith to set up his own print shop, Franklin left for London in to purchase supplies from stationers, booksellers and printers. A self-taught swimmer who crafted his own wooden flippers, Franklin performed long-distance swims on the Thames River.
In , he was inducted as an honorary member of the International Swimming Hall of Fame. In Franklin published his first pamphlet, "A Dissertation upon Liberty and Necessity, Pleasure and Pain," which argued that humans lack free will and, thus, are not morally responsible for their actions. Franklin later repudiated this thought and burned all but one copy of the pamphlet still in his possession. After Franklin returned to Philadelphia in , he discovered that Deborah had married in the interim, only to be abandoned by her husband just months after the wedding.
The future Founding Father rekindled his romance with Deborah Read and he took her as his common-law wife in Around that time, Franklin fathered a son, William, out of wedlock who was taken in by the couple. The two times Franklin moved to London, in and again in , it was without Deborah, who refused to leave Philadelphia.
His second stay was the last time the couple saw each other. Franklin would not return home before Deborah passed away in from a stroke at the age of When the New Jersey militia stripped William Franklin of his post as royal governor and imprisoned him in , his father chose not to intercede on his behalf. After his return to Philadelphia in , Franklin held varied jobs including bookkeeper, shopkeeper and currency cutter.
In he returned to a familiar trade - printing paper currency - in New Jersey before partnering with a friend to open his own print shop in Philadelphia that published government pamphlets and books. In Franklin was named the official printer of Pennsylvania.
In Franklin published another pamphlet, "A Modest Enquiry into The Nature and Necessity of a Paper Currency," which advocated for an increase in the money supply to stimulate the economy.
With the cash Franklin earned from his money-related treatise, he was able to purchase The Pennsylvania Gazette newspaper from a former boss. Under his ownership, the struggling newspaper was transformed into the most widely-read paper in the colonies and became one of the first to turn a profit. He had less luck in when he launched the first German-language newspaper in the colonies, the short-lived Philadelphische Zeitung. Franklin amassed real estate and businesses and organized the volunteer Union Fire Company to counteract dangerous fire hazards in Philadelphia.
He joined the Freemasons in and was eventually elected grand master of the Masons of Pennsylvania. In the s, Franklin expanded into science and entrepreneurship. His pamphlet "A Proposal for Promoting Useful Knowledge" underscored his interests and served as the founding document of the American Philosophical Society , the first scientific society in the colonies.
By , the year-old Franklin had become one of the richest men in Pennsylvania, and he became a soldier in the Pennsylvania militia. He turned his printing business over to a partner to give himself more time to conduct scientific experiments.
He moved into a new house in Franklin also discovered the Gulf Stream after his return trip across the Atlantic Ocean from London in He began to speculate about why the westbound trip always took longer, and his measurements of ocean temperatures led to his discovery of the existence of the Gulf Stream. This knowledge served to cut two weeks off the previous sailing time from Europe to North America.
Andrews in Scotland. In , Franklin wrote a pamphlet concerning the education of youth in Pennsylvania that resulted in the establishment of the Academy of Philadelphia, now the University of Pennsylvania.
In , Franklin conducted the famous kite-and-key experiment to demonstrate that lightning was electricity and soon after invented the lightning rod. He coined new electricity-related terms that are still part of the lexicon, such as battery, charge, conductor and electrify. In , Franklin acquired the first of several enslaved people to work in his new home and in the print shop. Later in life, he became more vociferous in his opposition to slavery. Franklin served as president of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and wrote many tracts urging the abolition of slavery.
In he petitioned the U. Congress to end slavery and the trade. In , he was elected a Philadelphia alderman and a representative to the Pennsylvania Assembly, a position to which he was re-elected annually until Two years later, he accepted a royal appointment as deputy postmaster general of North America. He represented Pennsylvania at the Albany Congress, which adopted his proposal to create a unified government for the 13 colonies. Franklin sailed to London to negotiate a long-standing dispute with the proprietors of the colony, the Penn family, taking William and his two enslaved people but leaving behind Deborah and Sarah.
He spent much of the next two decades in London, where he was drawn to the high society and intellectual salons of the cosmopolitan city. After Franklin returned to Philadelphia in , he toured the colonies to inspect its post offices. Since Franklin purchased stamps for his printing business and nominated a friend as the Pennsylvania stamp distributor, some colonists thought Franklin implicitly supported the new tax, and rioters in Philadelphia even threatened his house.
Franklin fanned the flames of revolution by sending the private letters of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson to America. The letters called for the restriction of the rights of colonists, which caused a firestorm after their publication by Boston newspapers. In the wake of the scandal, Franklin was removed as deputy postmaster general, and he returned to North America in as a devotee of the patriot cause.
In , Franklin was elected to the Second Continental Congress and appointed the first postmaster general for the colonies. In , he was appointed commissioner to Canada and was one of five men to draft the Declaration of Independence.
After voting for independence in , Franklin was elected commissioner to France, making him essentially the first U. At the age of 74, he even proposed marriage to a widow named Madame Helvetius, but she rejected him. Franklin was embraced in France as much, if not more, for his wit and intellectual standing in the scientific community as for his status as a political appointee from a fledgling country.
His reputation facilitated respect and entrees into closed communities, including the court of King Louis XVI. And it was his adept diplomacy that led to the Treaty of Paris in , which ended the Revolutionary War. After almost a decade in France, Franklin returned to the United States in Franklin was elected in to represent Pennsylvania at the Constitutional Convention , which drafted and ratified the new U.
The oldest delegate at the age of 81, Franklin initially supported proportional representation in Congress, but he fashioned the Great Compromise that resulted in proportional representation in the House of Representatives and equal representation by state in the Senate.
In , he helped found the Society for Political Inquiries, dedicated to improving knowledge of government. Franklin was never elected president of the United States. However, he played an important role as one of eight Founding Fathers, helping draft the Declaration of Independence and the U.
He also served several roles in the government: He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly and appointed as the first postmaster general for the colonies as well as diplomat to France. He was a true polymath and entrepreneur, which is no doubt why he is often called the "First American. Franklin died on April 17, , in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, at the home of his daughter, Sarah Bache. He was 84, suffered from gout and had complained of ailments for some time, completing the final codicil to his will a little more than a year and a half prior to his death.
He bequeathed most of his estate to Sarah and very little to his son William, whose opposition to the patriot cause still stung him. He also donated money that funded scholarships, schools and museums in Boston and Philadelphia. But the scope of things he applied himself to was so broad it seems a shame.
Founding universities and libraries, the post office, shaping the foreign policy of the fledgling United States, helping to draft the Declaration of Independence, publishing newspapers, warming us with the Franklin stove, pioneering advances in science, letting us see with bifocals and lighting our way with electricity—all from a man who never finished school but shaped his life through abundant reading and experience, a strong moral compass and an unflagging commitment to civic duty.
Franklin illuminated corners of American life that still have the lingering glow of his attention. We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Benjamin Rush is best known for his political activities during the American Revolution, including signing the Declaration of Independence.
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Alexander Hamilton was a Founding Father, a Constitutional Convention delegate, author of the Federalist papers and the first secretary of the U.
The fourth U. WWE Legends. Benjamin Franklin is best known as one of the Founding Fathers who never served as president but was a respected inventor, publisher, scientist and diplomat.